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Haversham Lake walk

 

 

 

 

Haversham Village

The village is in two parts, the old part seen from the lake and approaches and the newer estate nearer Wolverton. Haversham Parish has a spectacular 180 yard viaduct with six large arches carrying the main London to Manchester railway over the River Great Ouse. Lace used to be made in the village and a wide variety of craft work is still undertaken in the community - well shown off this Millennium Year in their annual Festival.

 

The Church If you have time it is worth making the short walk back out from the club turning left through the village, past (!) the Greyhound pub up to the Church. It is on high ground, in a quiet corner, built of local jurassic limestone and dating back to the 11th century. There is a Norman window in the west wall, with the typical zigzag decoration, best seen from inside the battlemented tower that is visible from the lake. The church repays a close look. There is an hour glass on the pulpit to time the sermons, two small sundials engraved on the outside, for the use of parishioners (there is no clock), a skeleton brass, stained glass of various periods and an interesting feature called a 'hagioscope', a shaft in the wall facing the alter through which lepers could peep from the outside of the church. The churchyard has some very fine trees notably yews and a row of very old Hornbeams.

 

Between the church and lake lie the remains of an interesting medieval manorial complex; documents dated 1273 list a manor house, dovecote, fishponds, gardens and vineyard. The original manor house has disappeared and a 17th century manor (farm) built further up the hill near the church.

 

The Lakeside

From the car park, head towards the lake and make your way through the steel gate heading South. Trees to look out for include:

 

    • Alder (Alnus glutinosa) with catkins and cones seen in winter.
    • Ash (Fraxinus excelsior)with typical bunches of keys retained through winter.
    • Dogwood (Cornus), with red stems (in car park).
      • Crack Willow (Salix fragilis) pollarded or cut to provide "withies".
    • Goat Willow ("pussy willow") smaller, along ditches and riverside.

     

You will pass two ‘starting huts’ before you get to a slightly wider area of grass with views off to the right (West) of the Old Rectory, a large brick house dating back to the 18th century. Look carefully over the fence to view the remains of the ancient Fishponds and a Moat for keeping and harvesting fish throughout the year. The ruins beside the moat are of later agricultural buildings. You should also be able to see the large Dovecote in the upper manor garden. The present building is a reconstruction of the medieval original, and is dated 1665. It was constructed by Maurice Thompson, Lord of the Manor. It is square, of stone, with pyramidal tiled roof with an oak lantern in the middle. "M.T." inscribed in a panel in the north wall. Inside, the walls are lined with 'cots' or niches for doves to nest, providing a source of food for the Manor in the winter months. If you get to ‘the tyre’ without seeing any of these - you have gone too far! The area of the lake at this point is known to club members as Church Bay.

 

Lakeside plants – more in summer - DO NOT PICK!

Soft rush: (Juncus effusis), glossy green, grasslike bunches, growing along the edge of the water. Common reed: (Phragmites), taller, up to 4 or 5 feet, pale straw colour in winter with distinctive feathery plumes waving in the wind. Water dock: Tall with large leaves, and reddish flower stems. Teasels: In meadow land, tall with thistle-like flower/seed heads, formerly used to brush the nap of cloth Mullein (Verbascum) tall spikes of attractive yellow flowers ... and growing in the grass: "Ground Ivy" (Glechoma hederacea) with small heart-shaped leaves, smelling minty, purple flowers.

 

At the south end of the lake the club owned land flattens and the field-ground landscape is subtly different. The marshy tussock grass is home in winter to the common snipe (maybe also jack snipe) and in the spring, if you are not very careful, you may disturb a nest of skylark eggs. Recently the club has dug out a ‘scrape’ (pond) which is intended to help attract dipping and wading types of bird.

 

As you walk further round you will see two poles and boxes which have already attracted breeding barn owls. The owl boxes were erected by the 'Hawk and Owl Trust as part of a project to introduce suitable nest sites along our area of the Ouse Valley. This area around the river should provide suitable un-managed grass areas for voles and the like that the owls find very tasty. The boxes are put up in pairs as Kestrel's will frequently also use them. Hawks also visit closer to the clubhouse and a favourite resting place on a quiet autumn evening is the top of a dinghy mast! Otters (who are very shy) are naturally re-colonising the river and at the far north of the lake land has been fenced off to protect a hand-built otter home with pipe entrance from the river. Mink are also around and can be very bold and have been known to walk very close to fishermen.

 

As you turn the corner and head back north, the River Great Ouse runs alongside (and floods occasionally across into the lake!). The river used to be navigable beyond here - certainly as far as Stony Stratford, if not further, perhaps to Buckingham. The river diverts around a small island which is very wild and is left virtually unattended. The river is a furtile fishing spot, as is the lake, and the club has a small fishing syndicate who are full members and have very high standards of behaviour concerning methods and catches.

Haversham Lake is an old gravel pit, the gravel being used for the building of the MI motorway. Earlier gravel workings also took place across the river, east towards Stanton Low - now only recognisable from old maps. The village was destroyed by the gravel workings in the 1950s. All that is left above ground of the former village of Stanton Low is St Peters Church (ruins of), Stantonbury which is very interesting archaeologically. It is worth going to have look from the other side. Access is via a gated road running from the Black Horse pub to Little Linford. There was a bridge when the gravel from Haversham was being excavated but only the old buttresses remain (Haversham Village is keen to maintain a ‘moat’ between them and Milton Keynes.

 

The contemporary bridge ruins though do indicate the location of the Romano-British settlement and wharf which lay right here on the bank. What can be seen is the Ruined church - although only part of the walls of the Norman nave survive in place, its 12th century chancel arch being removed to St. James, New Bradwell. An underground tunnel runs to the north......the whole of this part of the county has a number of ‘secret’ tunnels from churches. When you are over on the other side you will also see a level platform and earthworks to the south west of the church which marks the position of the former manor house and its gardens, dating from around 1660. The village was depopulated between 1487-1516, (forced out by a landowner changing the land from arable to pasture).

As you get towards the north end of the lake with views across to the clubhouse and dinghy park areas, look across the river and see Stantonbury Lake. Again, a worked out gravel pit, but now a wildfowl reserve, with educational study centre and viewing sites.

 

Birds

Haversham is lucky to get many of the migrating birds that home-in to the Stantonbury wildfowl lake. Obviously boating at HSC activity keeps this number down somewhat but we have had over 150 swans at one time. The lake is fairly young and is still maturing with the reeds around the shallow edges still spreading. The reeds have nesting Coot and Reed Warbler. In time they will also have Sedge Warblers. The clusters of trees around the lake host a dozen nest boxes and have been very successful in attracting Blue and Great Tits.

 

The lake is fairly shallow and does not attract the cormorants and divers that are found on some other deeper local lakes. Herons can normally be seen both watching you sail or walk by, and in flight. In a bad winter the lake can freeze and leave a small patch of open water kept open by the activity of the birds. This leads to a large number of birds in a small space which will contain various species of wintering duck most commonly Wigeon, Tufted, Goldeneye, Goosander, Mallard, Potchard and Great Crested Grebe. It is a good time to appreciate the different species and look for rare visitors. Late March sees the early arrival of Sand Martins showing that spring is on its way followed by Swallows and House Martins around 5th April. The trees along the back of the dinghy park become alive to the sound of willow warblers at around the same time. The swifts arrive in May. The lake is a good place to see Hobby's who are a rare member of the falcon family that are migrant and arrive in May – at least two pairs nest in the area. They are the size of a Kestrel and on a sunny day can be seen hawking, catching insects in the wing in their talons and eating them while still airborne. Summer sees the noisy Common Turns over the lake on fishing sorties from their nests in the reserve or resting on the safety boat or sailing marks. One other bird of particular note is the Green Woodpecker that is frequently heard laughing but seldom seen.

 

Views you may have missed

To the south: Bradwell Windmill - a stone-built tower mill constructed around 1815, on high ground close to the wharf on the Canal. A famous Milton Keynes landmark. From the south one can see across the River Ouse towards the Joan’s Piece Woods. planted in 1987 by Woodland Trust volunteers. The woods border the Grand Union Canal. In a south east direction you can see the wooded skyline of Milton Keynes – this is the ancient Linford Wood, with the main city telecommunications tower beside it.

 

I hope you have enjoyed your walk – now for a cup of tea in the clubhouse – or even something stronger! I would like to thank Mary Sarre and Ian Howett for much help in preparing this article.

 

John Hunt

 

 

 

 

 



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